One of the most important aspects of the Settlement is the apology the Crown delivers to Te Whakatōhea. The apology from the Crown is based on the historical grievances committed against our tūpuna. The Crown Apology and Crown Acknowledgements are part of the Deed of Settlement and will be passed into legislation alongside the Te Whakatōhea Historical Account
Crown Apology to Te Whakatōhea
To ngāuri o Te Whakatōhea,to ngātūpuna and ngāmokopuna.
When Whakatōhea Rangatira signed Te Tiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi, they did so in a spirit of trust and co-operation, with a view to the benefits Treaty partnership could bring to their people. The Crown betrayed that trust by waging war and confiscating Whakatōhea land in a raupatu for which the Crown alone is responsible. The Crown’s actions caused significant loss of life, devastated Whakatōhea communities, created conflict between Whakatōhea hapū and whānau, and led to the loss of mātauranga Whakatōhea which is still felt today.
The Crown apologises to the rangatira who died at its hands. The Crown apologises to ngā uri o Te Whakatōhea, who have lived with economic, cultural and spiritual loss and deprivation as a result of the Crown’s actions. The Crown has failed to uphold its obligations under Te Tiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi and brought dishonour upon itself. For its breaches of teTiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi, and for the pain it has caused Whakatōhea through its acts and omissions, the Crown is deeply sorry.
The Crown pays tribute to the resilience of ngā uri o Te Whakatōhea, who have strived for justice and fought to retain and rebuild Whakatōheatanga over generations. Through this settlement, the Crown hopes to honour the promise of partnership it made with Whakatōhea in 1840. Let us look forward to a future of prosperity for the people of Whakatōhea and move towards it together in a spirit of good faith, partnership and respect for teTiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi.
For the full Crown Apology, check there Deed of Settlement document, page 62 – click here:
The Crown Acknowledgements identify specific grievances and actions for which the Crown acknowledges was a breach of the Treaty of Waitangi. The following paragraphs are only the first few acknowledgements.
The Whakatōhea signing of te Tiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi
The Whakatōhea pursuit of justice
The killing of TeĀporotanga
The Crown acknowledges that, on the 27th and 28th May 1840 at Ōpōtiki, seven Whakatōhearangatira signed teTiriti oWaitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi. The rangatira who placed their marks on teTiriti were Tauātoro of NgāiTamahaua and NgātiNgahere; TeTakahiao of TeŪpokorehe; TeĀporotanga of NgātiRua; Rangimātānuku of NgātiRua; Rangihaerepō of TeŪpokorehe and NgāiTamahaua; Wī Akeake of TeŪpokorehe and the rangatiraWhākia (Wakiia).
The Crown acknowledges that:
despite the promise of teTiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi, many Crown actions created long-standing grievances for Whakatōhea and over the generations Whakatōhea has sought to have their grievances addressed;
the work of pursuing justice for these grievances has placed a heavy burden on the whānau and hapū of Whakatōhea and impacted on the physical, mental, spiritual and economic health of the people; and
the Crown has never properly addressed these historical grievances and recognition is long overdue.
The Crown acknowledges that the deaths of the rangatiraApanui, Tūtakahiao, MikaerePihipihi and TeĀporotanga in fightingagainst Crown forces in April 1864 contributed to the loss of leadership within Whakatōhea. The Crown acknowledges that the NgātiRua and WhakatōhearangatiraTeĀporotanga, a signatory of teTiritio Waitangi, was killed while held prisoner in thecustody of Crown forces, and the Crown’s failure to keep him safe was a breach of teTiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangiand its principles.
See the full Crown Acknowledgement via the link below:
For the full Crown Acknowledgements, check there Deed of Settlement document, page 62 – click here:
The Historical Account provides an overview of Whakatōhea’s experience with the Crown and the range of Treaty grievances which Whakatōhea has suffered.
The Historical Account was co-commissioned by the Crown and WPCT and developed through various research reports. The KomitiWhiriwhiriHītori and the Taumata Kaumatua have been instrumental in the collation and verification of the Whakatōhea Historical Account.
While the Historical Account provides a basis for the Settlement it is not the entire history of Whakatōhea nor is it meant to be. We are fortunate that the Settlement also allows, for the first time, the Waitangi Tribunal to continue hearing the Whakatōhea claims after the Settlement has been completed. This parallel process allows the Whakatohea claimants to lead our participation in the Waitangi Tribunal process.
To find out more about the Historical account, page 17 – click here:
Deed of Settlement
The Deed of Settlement is legally binding and represents the full and final agreement to settle the historical breaches by the Crown against Whakatōhea and creates the ongoing basis of the relationship between Whakatōhea and the Crown.
The agreed Deed of Settlement includes the Crown Apology, Cultural Redress and Financial and Commercial redress. Whakatōhea negotiated its Settlement package based on, Mana Tangata, Mana Whenua and Mana Moana.
To read a summary of the Deed of Settlement click here:
Kia ora whānau
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